Mandatory installation of smoke detectors in Germany and Austria

600 fire fatalities, approximately 6,000 injuries and 4 billion euros in damage to property annually – in light of these figures, it is astonishing that standard regulations for the mandatory installation of smoke detectors are not in force across Germany and Austria.

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Mandatory installation of smoke detectors in Germany

To date, 13 German federal states have adopted the mandatory installation of smoke detectors into their state building codes to, and Berlin and Brandenburg are planning to do likewise. This means that all new builds and conversions at least must be equipped with suitable smoke detectors in bedrooms, children's rooms, and hallways that are used as rescue routes to the outside. In some cases, transitional regulations apply to existing residences. They must then also be equipped accordingly.

Mandatory installation of smoke detectors in Austria

In detail, the mandatory installation of smoke detectors for the federal states in Austria means that, in residences, at least one smoke alarm device must be installed in common rooms – except kitchens – and passages through which escape routes from common rooms lead. The smoke alarm devices must be installed such that smoke is detected and reported at an early stage.

Germany

Baden-Württemberg

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For all rooms where people sleep and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Also applies to care facilities, kindergartens with beds and hotels


Bavaria

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that lead to common rooms
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 31 December 2017


Berlin

  • Mandatory installation of smoke detectors in the pipeline


Brandenburg

  • Mandatory installation of smoke detectors in the pipeline


Bremen

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 31 December 2015


Hamburg

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes


Hesse

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes


Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes


Lower Saxony

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 31 December 2015


North Rhine-Westphalia

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 1 January 2017


Rhineland-Palatinate

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes


Saarland

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Still no regulation for existing buildings


Saxony-Anhalt

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 31 December 2015


Saxony

  • Installation of smoke detectors not mandatory


Schleswig-Holstein

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes


Thuringia

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For bedrooms, children’s rooms and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • Mandatory retrofitting in existing residences by 31 December 2018

 

Sources:
www.rauchmelderpflicht.net
www.rauchmelder-lebensretter.de

Austria

Burgenland

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings

Carinthia

  • In new builds, conversions and existing buildings
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are
  • used as escape routes


Lower Austria

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings

Upper Austria

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings

 
Salzburg

  • No regulation on the mandatory installation of smoke detectors


Styria

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings


Tyrol

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings


Vorarlberg

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings


Vienna

  • In new builds and conversions
  • For common rooms – except kitchens – and hallways that are used as escape routes
  • The installation of smoke detectors is not mandatory for existing buildings



Source:
www.oib.or.at (OIB-Richtlinie 2)

The delivery results subject to countries specific assortments

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